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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Kiel Canal

Rainer Lagoni

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 10 December 2019

Canals — Jurisdiction of states, territoriality principle — Sovereignty

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The Kiel Canal ( Nord-Ostsee-Kanal; ‘Canal’) is an artificial waterway which links the North Sea with the Baltic Sea . It runs from Brunsbüttel at the mouth of the Elbe river over 98,637 km to Kiel-Holtenau at the Kiel Fjord (Kieler Förde). The Canal and its approaches through the mouth of the Elbe river and the Kiel fjord are internal waters of Germany. Built from 1887 until 1895 the Canal was enlarged between 1907 and 1914 and again between 1965 and 2001. Presently it is at its surface 162 m and at the bottom 90 m wide and 11 m deep. The new locks at both...
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