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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]


Christian Hattenhauer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2020

Islands and artificial islands — Territory, acquisition and transfer — Sovereignty — Jurisdiction of states, territoriality principle — States, independence

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Heligoland (in German 'Helgoland', presumably from Low German ‘dat hillige Lunn’ [the holy land]; Frisian/Heligolandic 'deät Lun') is a German archipelago with an area of 1.7 square kilometres. It is located in the German Bight, a south-eastern part of the North Sea, about 45 kilometres from the nearest point on the German coastline. Heligoland consists of the Hauptinsel (main island, 1 square kilometre) and the island Düne (Dune, 0.7 square kilometres), and has a population of about 1500 inhabitants, mainly ethnic Frisians. 2 Possession of Heligoland has...
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