1 Haiti is a country with an area of 27.750km2 and 8.6 million inhabitants. It is located on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, which, in turn, is unusual in that it includes two countries on its territory: Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Internally, Haitian society is marked by a bi-polar political, social and economic structure, which deeply divides State and nation (Nations). The State has been politically and economically dominated by a small mulatto elite (approximately 5%), whereas the nation comprises a politically marginalized majority of black peoples...
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