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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Haiti, Conflict

Julia Leininger

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 28 October 2020

Subject(s):
Sovereignty — Islands and artificial islands — Territory, title — Armed conflict, non-international — Peace keeping — Armed forces — Humanitarian intervention — Occupation — Belligerence — States, independence — Jurisdiction of states, territoriality principle

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Haiti is a country with an area of 27.750km2 and 8.6 million inhabitants. It is located on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, which, in turn, is unusual in that it includes two countries on its territory: Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Internally, Haitian society is marked by a bi-polar political, social and economic structure, which deeply divides State and nation (Nations). The State has been politically and economically dominated by a small mulatto elite (approximately 5%), whereas the nation comprises a politically marginalized majority of black peoples...
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