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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Marine Mammals

Alexander Proelss

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 22 September 2021

Subject(s):
Marine living resources

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Marine mammals are mammals, ie warm-blooded animals characterized by the production of milk in the female mammary glands, which spend the majority of their lives in or close to the sea. By definition, all of these animals are air breathers. They include cetaceans, pinnipeds, sirenians, sea otters, and polar bears. Almost all marine mammals are to a greater or lesser extent endangered species (Endangered Species, International Protection). 2 The term ‘cetaceans’ encompasses whales, dolphins, and porpoises, thus referring to the oldest, most diverse, and most...
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