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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Gibraltar, Strait of

Donald R Rothwell

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 05 June 2020

Straits — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Innocent passage — Marine environment, protection

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The Strait of Gibraltar (‘the Strait’) is a body of water at the western extremity of the Mediterranean Sea which connects the Mediterranean with the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the most significant global sea lanes because it provides a means of seaborne transit for shipping between the Atlantic and Mediterranean, and via the Suez Canal into the Indian Ocean and beyond. Because of its strategic location, and the access that it has granted to the States which fringe the Mediterranean in both Southern Europe and Northern Africa, the Strait has longstanding...
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