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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Flag of Ships

Doris König

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 September 2022

International economic law — Flag state — Jurisdiction of states, nationality principle — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Exclusive economic zone — Nationality of ships

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 According to customary international law, codified in Arts 87 and 89 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the high seas are open to all States, and no State may validly purport to subject any part of the high seas to its sovereignty. Due to this fundamental principle of the modern law of the sea, all States enjoy the freedoms of the high seas, as laid down in a non-exhaustive list in Art. 87 (1) UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. These freedoms have to be exercised with due regard for the interests of other States (Art. 87 (2) UN Convention on the Law of the...
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