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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

States, Sovereign Equality

Juliane Kokott

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 17 August 2022

Customary international law — Sovereignty — States, equality — States, independence — Peremptory norms / ius cogens

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Sovereign equality is a fundamental axiomatic premise of the international legal order. It is the source of other very important principles such as the ban on the use of force and the prohibition of intervention (see also Use of Force, Prohibition of; Intervention, Prohibition of). As Tomuschat states:These latter principles, although politically of the highest importance, may be logically classified as pertaining to a secondary normative category since they are designed to ensure and guarantee the effectiveness of sovereign equality, still the Grundnorm (basic...
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