1 The facts of the case date back to the 1940s. During World War II the former Czechoslovakia was an allied country and a belligerent in the war against Germany. In 1945, it adopted a series of decrees (‘Beneš Decrees’). Among them was Decree No 12/1945 of 21 June 1945, under which agricultural property of all persons belonging to the German and Hungarian people, regardless of their nationality, was confiscated without compensation (Nationality; Property, Right to, International Protection). As defined by this decree, agricultural property included, inter alia,...
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