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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Recognition of Foreign Legislative and Administrative Acts

Matthias Ruffert

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 30 July 2021

Subject(s):
Act of state doctrine — Immunity from jurisdiction, states — Foreign judgments, recognition and enforcement — Act of state — Sovereignty — Recognition of governments — Jurisdiction of states, extra-territorial

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The notion of recognition is extensively used in public international law. The usual understanding of the term is that it designates a declaration or implicit action of a State and its organs towards a certain factual situation to deduce legal consequences from there. Thus, there may be a (tacit or explicit) recognition of States; in some instances, the recognition of governments may be expressed by the government of another State. Institutionally perpetuating this line of thinking, there may be a recognition of international organizations. Next to these most...
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