1 In today’s world the overwhelming majority of frontiers are clearly established (Boundaries). As stated by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Territorial Dispute Case (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya/Chad), ‘to define a territory is to define its frontiers’ (para. 52).2 Each and every State is surrounded by frontiers—whether they are terrestrial, aerial, subterranean, or maritime—delimiting the portion of territory where a sovereign power is exclusively installed (see also States, Sovereign Equality). Most of these frontiers are common between neighbour...
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