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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Helsinki Final Act (1975)

Sir Michael Wood, Daniel Purisch

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 14 October 2019

Collective security — Paramilitary groups — Regional organizations — Military assistance — Security assistance

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 This entry deals with the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (‘CSCE’) , which was signed at Helsinki on 1 August 1975. It does not deal with the follow-up to the Helsinki Final Act (for which see Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe [OSCE] ). 2 The CSCE had its origin in a series of initiatives proposed by the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Treaty Organization (‘Warsaw Pact’, ‘WPO’). As early as 1954, the Soviet Union had begun advocating a pan-European collective security arrangement aimed primarily at strengthening...
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