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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Diplomatic Protection

John Dugard

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 September 2022

Diplomatic relations — Diplomatic privileges — Exhaustion of local remedies — Foreign relations law — Jurisdiction of states, protective principle

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Under international law, a State is responsible for injury to an alien caused by that State’s wrongful act or omission (Aliens; State). Diplomatic protection is the procedure employed by the State of nationality of the injured person to secure protection of that person, and to obtain reparation for the internationally wrongful act inflicted (Reparations). Such protection extends to both natural and legal persons. As diplomatic protection is part of the law of State responsibility, the International Law Commission (ILC) has defined diplomatic protection, for the...
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