1 The term ‘jurisdiction’ refers to the power of States to subject persons or property to their laws, judicial institutions, or enforcement capacity. This corresponds to the three types of jurisdiction, that is, legislative, judicial, and enforcement jurisdiction (Jurisdiction of States). Criminal jurisdiction should be distinguished from other forms of jurisdiction arising out of torts or contract, even if the foundation for such actions is an international crime such as torture, as is the basis for the United States Alien Tort Statute. The exercise of criminal...
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