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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Barcelona Traction Case

Stephan Wittich

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 20 January 2020

Subject(s):
Individuals and non-state actors — Diplomatic protection — Corporations — Jus standi — Nationality of investor

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited (‘Barcelona Traction’), was a holding company incorporated in 1911 in Toronto, Canada, where it also had its head office. For the purpose of creating and developing an electric power production and distribution system in Catalonia, Spain, it formed a number of subsidiaries, three of which were incorporated under Canadian law and had their registered offices in Canada. The others were incorporated under Spanish law and had their registered offices in Spain. Since shortly after World War I, a very high...
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