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V Battlefield Conduct and Belligerent Occupation

Sean D Murphy, Won Kidane, Thomas R. Snider

From: Litigating War: Mass Civil Injury and the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission

Sean D Murphy, Won Kidane, Thomas R Snider

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 14 August 2022

Subject(s):
Belligerents — Ius ad bellum — Jurisdiction of states, conflicts — Claims — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Gravity of offences — Forced transfers or displacement
The 1998–2000 conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia was fought primarily on the ground, along three fronts of the 1,000-kilometer boundary between the two countries. This ground warfare resulted in extensive loss, damage, and injury to civilians and civilian property of both countries. Although much of that harm was incidental to the lawful conduct of military operations, considerable harm occurred due to violations of the laws of war. The ground fighting also led to the belligerent occupation by each party of territory belonging to the other for substantial...
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