The 1998–2000 conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia was fought primarily on the ground, along three fronts of the 1,000-kilometer boundary between the two countries. This ground warfare resulted in extensive loss, damage, and injury to civilians and civilian property of both countries. Although much of that harm was incidental to the lawful conduct of military operations, considerable harm occurred due to violations of the laws of war. The ground fighting also led to the belligerent occupation by each party of territory belonging to the other for substantial...
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