One of the most important questions requiring careful legal analysis and advice to military commanders is whether an individual, or class of individuals, may be attacked. It is one of those ‘easy to pose, but difficult to answer’ questions for which much depends on the pertinent circumstances. The question has been rendered more complex in recent years owing to the increasing role of civilians in military operations.1 Relevant matters to consider include:If the conflict or events, whatever form they take, do not amount to an armed conflict, the law of armed...
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