In this chapter, we consider the law of targeting as it applies specifically in the maritime environment. The evolution of the law of warfare at sea has been a somewhat sporadic affair. Greenwood traces the earliest regulation of naval warfare to the Middle Ages, addressing the right to search vessels and cargo and rights of seizure. He notes the adverse impact on neutrals of the embargos imposed by the dominant Hanseatic League, a problem that led in the eighteenth century to alliances between powerful neutral States, deploying naval forces to protect their...
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