Part II Maritime Security Law, 17 New Marine Security Threats
Darren Calley, Karen Hulme, David M Ong
From: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law: Volume III: Marine Environmental Law and International Maritime Security Law
Edited By: David Joseph Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman Martinez, Riyaz Hamza
- Human rights — Anti-dumping — Marine living resources — Pollution — Coastal states — Exclusive economic zone — High seas — Territorial sea
This chapter addresses the wider range of threats to marine security, as opposed to the threats that relate primarily to maritime security addressed by other chapters. The distinction between marine and maritime security threats relates to the notion that marine security threats denote a different type of security threat, being not merely a threat to shipping and other traditional maritime activities, but also to coastal communities and even the non-human environment. Therefore, this chapter highlights the different means by which international law is engaging with both continuing and new marine security threats in the form of illegal ocean dumping, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, and marine geo-engineering activities/projects.