8 Maritime Labour Law
Douglas B Stevenson
Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Ignacio Arroyo, Norman Martinez, Elda Belja
- Seafarers — Nationality of ships — Straits
This chapter outlines the development of international maritime labour law. It highlights provisions concerning the overall working conditions and health of seafarers. Protecting seafarers is one of the principal reasons for the development of maritime law. Despite being highly skilled, seafarers can become victims of exploitation, abuse, and discrimination. Furthermore, they are often away from land-based institutions that provide aid and protection. By the beginning of the twentieth century, labour unrest led to the creation of the International Labour Organization (ILO), which seeks to improve the lives of workers. The chapter analyses the Maritime Labour Convention 2006, which provides a comprehensive statement of seafarers’ rights such as standards for conditions of employment, hours of work and rest, accommodation, recreational facilities, food and catering, and health protection.