- Seafarers — Nationality of ships
This chapter considers the regulation of safety at sea. It also looks into the mode of production and formulation of the texts constituting the system of safety as well as the conditions of their applications and implementation on board ships. The system involves an essentially technical area, where standards apply to the construction, equipment, and operation of merchant ships, and their conditions of navigation. Regulations differ in status, comprising both public regulations and private standards. Public regulations require certain formalism when adopted or amended, insofar as they involve a large number of States. Private standards are more flexible, referring as they do only to a specific aspect of safety. The chapter analyses the role of two specialized UN agencies that make substantial contributions to standardization-the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO).
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