15 Law of Towage
Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Ignacio Arroyo, Norman Martinez, Elda Belja
- Seafarers — Nationality of ships — Straits — Contract claims
This chapter provides an overview of the nature and basic principles governing towage under English law. It also considers the key terms used in the standard forms employed such as the UK Standard Conditions for Towage and Other Services (UKSCT) and the Baltic and International Maritime Council (BIMCO). Historically, towage is defined as the employment of one vessel to expedite the voyage of another, when nothing more is required than the accelerating of its progress. Now, under a contract of towage, the tug owner agrees to provide the services of the tug for an agreed service, purpose, or period in exchange for periodic or lump sum payments. Due to similarities, the chapter distinguishes the act of towage from salvage. The defining characteristic of salvage is that, unlike towage, salvage exists independently of any contract. Four essential requirements must also be satisfied: subject, danger, voluntariness, and success.