11 Bills of Lading
Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Ignacio Arroyo, Norman Martinez, Elda Belja
- Seafarers — Nationality of ships — Straits
This chapter examines the nature of the modern-day bill of lading and its legal functions. A bill of lading is a document issued by a carrier which details a shipment of merchandise and gives title of that shipment to a specified party. The chapter focuses mainly on the legal framework created by three international conventions the provisions of which are designed to govern contracts for the carriage of goods by sea. These are the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Bills of Lading, 1924; the United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea, 1978; and the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea, 2008.