7 The Exclusive Economic Zone
Umberto Leanza, Maria Cristina Caracciolo
Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman A Martínez Gutiérrez
- Exclusive economic zone — Coastal states — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Fisheries — Continental shelf — Innocent passage — Nationality of ships — Marine living resources — Territorial sea — Marine environment, protection — Specific treaties — Treaties, interpretation — Customary international law — State practice
The exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and the International Seabed Area constitute the main innovations of the new Law of the Sea whose highest expression is the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).1 Those two legal concepts are expressions of antithetical approaches to the law of the sea. While the international seabed area, finding its legal basis in the concept of common heritage of mankind, represents the triumph of collectivism in international relations, the EEZ is the most evident explication of individualism. It is the recognition of...