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4 The Regime of Islands and Rocks

Erik Franckx

From: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law: Volume I: The Law of the Sea

Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman A Martínez Gutiérrez

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 05 August 2021

Islands and artificial islands — Continental shelf — Exclusive economic zone — Travaux préparatoires — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Treaties, interpretation — State practice
The importance of islands under international law has fluctuated over time, but it is only since the creation of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and the precise delineation of the continental margin, two new concepts introduced during the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III, 1973–1982), that the issue became a focal point of international attention. Up until then, reliance on the well-established principle of ‘la terre domine la mer’1 proved sufficient for islands, just as land, to generate maritime zones off their coast. At a time...
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