21 The International Maritime Organization and the Law of the Sea
Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman A Martínez Gutiérrez
- UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Ships / vessels — Flag state — Innocent passage — Territorial sea — International organizations, practice and procedure — Acts of international organizations — Specific treaties — Pollution
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in London, responsible for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships. The origins of IMO may be traced back to the deliberations of the United Maritime Consultative Council (UMCC), a forum established in Washington in 1946 for the exchange of information and the discussion of mutual problems in the field of international shipping. The most notable item on the Council’s agenda was the possible establishment of an...