17 The Legal Regime of the Arctic
Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman A Martínez Gutiérrez
- Coastal states — Delimitation — Continental shelf — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Internal waters — Territorial sea — Marine environment, protection — International watercourses — Acts of international organizations
The Arctic is the region located around the North Pole. It includes the Arctic Ocean and the northern parts of Asia, Europe, and North America. There is no generally accepted definition of the Arctic. Most frequently, it is defined as an area located north of the Arctic Circle (66°32’N), which is an imaginary line that marks the latitude above which the sun does not set on the day of the summer solstice (usually 21 June) and does not rise on the day of the winter solstice (usually 21 December). Arctic researchers also define the Arctic as the area north of the...