15 Landlocked and Geographically Disadvantaged States
James L Kateka
Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman A Martínez Gutiérrez
- UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Exclusive economic zone — High seas — Coastal states — Ships / vessels — International trade — Specialized treaty frameworks — Customary international law — Specific treaties — Treaties, interpretation
The phenomenon of landlocked States (LLS) has persisted for a long time. There are currently forty-four LLS. 1 The dissolution of the Soviet Union and the former Yugoslavia led to an increase in the number of LLS. In Africa, the break-up of Ethiopia into two States left Ethiopia landlocked. The recent split of Sudan has created a landlocked South Sudan State. It seems the phenomenon of being landlocked will be with us as long as there are nation States. Landlocked States are characterized by their lack of a sea coast. 2 Generally they have little control over the...