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15 Landlocked and Geographically Disadvantaged States

James L Kateka

From: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law: Volume I: The Law of the Sea

Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman A Martínez Gutiérrez

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 05 August 2021

UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Exclusive economic zone — High seas — Coastal states — Ships / vessels — International trade — Specialized treaty frameworks — Customary international law — Specific treaties — Treaties, interpretation
The phenomenon of landlocked States (LLS) has persisted for a long time. There are currently forty-four LLS.1 The dissolution of the Soviet Union and the former Yugoslavia led to an increase in the number of LLS. In Africa, the break-up of Ethiopia into two States left Ethiopia landlocked. The recent split of Sudan has created a landlocked South Sudan State. It seems the phenomenon of being landlocked will be with us as long as there are nation States. Landlocked States are characterized by their lack of a sea coast.2 Generally they have little control over the...
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