Marine organisms and the genetic information that they contain are of growing scientific and commercial interest. Their potential for biotechnological, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic applications are of particular value, especially in combating human diseases. The exploration for and exploitation of marine resources is not limited to coastal waters; most of the organisms from which the new marine genetic resources derive, are found, for example, near hydrothermal vents. Not only because of the huge potential of marine genetic resources, many States have expressed...
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