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12 The Conservation of Marine Living Resources under International Law

Simone Borg

From: The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law: Volume I: The Law of the Sea

Edited By: David J Attard, Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Norman A Martínez Gutiérrez

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 05 August 2021

UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Maritime boundaries — Marine environment, protection — Marine living resources — Exclusive economic zone — Exclusive fishery zone — Fisheries — Flag state — Treaty provisions — Universal international organizations — State practice — Opinio juris
Living marine resources have immensely diverse characteristics and life cycles. They roam freely, ignoring jurisdictional claims pertaining to human-made boundaries. They are an essential source of sustenance for humans, animals, States’ economies, and the planet’s biodiversity in its entirety. Various stakeholders have a vested interest over these resources and their over-exploitation has had drastic ecological consequences. It has also jeopardized the livelihood of various communities around the world and stultified the economic growth of many States. It is not...
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