This Chapter deals with two distinct, but not wholly unrelated, topics—baselines and internal waters. Baselines are the lines, partly natural, partly man-made, from which the outer limits of a State’s maritime zones (territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone (EEZ), and, to some extent, continental shelf) are measured. Internal waters are the waters on the landward side of the baseline. The first part of the Chapter deals with the various ways in which baselines may be drawn; the second with the legal regime of internal waters. The UN Convention on...
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