Whenever the student probes into the history of human communities, they will find certain mechanisms designed to protect individuals from violations of their rights. Systems of governance are generally based on reciprocity of protection and loyalty. Human beings, aware of the necessity to maintain and defend themselves in inimical surroundings, have invariably established structures of governance believing that those entrusted with a leadership role will protect individuals under their command. This has also been one of the constant themes of state philosophy. How...
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