- Democracy — Economic, social, and cultural rights — Rule of law
This chapter takes a look at the European Social Charter (ESC). The ESC is a binding treaty under international law which lays down both minimum rights for employees with regard to their working conditions and general minimum standards for social security and cohesion. In substance, the ESC adopts to a large extent the rules of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), and its social guarantees largely correspond to those laid down at the universal level in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). As human rights guarantees, the ESC rules are supposed to take up the impulse which was set by Articles 22 to 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In that document the community of States laid down, albeit not in legally binding manner, the right of everyone to social security and to an adequate standard of living.
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