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Part II Institutions, s.3 Institutions Based on Partial or Enlarged Agreements, 21 Group of States against Corruption (GRECO)

Wolfgang Rau

From: The Council of Europe: Its Law and Policies

Edited By: Stefanie Schmahl, Marten Breuer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 03 October 2022

Democracy — Corruption — Rule of law

This chapter examines the anti-corruption monitoring body of the Council of Europe (CoE), the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO). GRECO was set up to complement the CoE’s six anti-corruption instruments with a suitable and sustainable monitoring mechanism. The latter has two pillars: an evaluation procedure which is based on on-site visits and the issuing of Evaluation Reports as well as country-specific recommendations, and a fully-fledged impact assessment (‘compliance procedure’) designed to appraise the measures taken by its members to implement the recommendations emanating from country evaluations. As is the case with other international monitoring bodies, GRECO has no authority to act on individual complaints, nor can it ‘investigate’ — on an ad-hoc basis — corruption scandals that hit the headlines in Member States. And unlike other international anti-corruption monitoring bodies, GRECO assesses Member States’ alignment with a whole package of anti-corruption instruments which cover different branches of law and areas of concern.

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