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Part VII Structure and Operations, Ch.36 Parliaments

Bjørn Høyland

From: The Oxford Handbook of International Organizations

Edited By: Jacob Katz Cogan, Ian Hurd, Ian Johnstone

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 04 October 2022

Humanitarian intervention — Membership of international organizations — International organizations, practice and procedure — Resolutions of international organizations

International organizations (IOs) often have a parliamentary body amongst their governing institutions. But these bodies often lack the powers associated with national level equivalents. The European Union has empowered its parliamentary body with substantive powers. The European Parliament (EP) elects its members by general direct elections; has been empowered with substantive legislative and budgetary powers; and its support is required for the executive, the European Commission, to take office. As the EU is unique in its empowerment of its parliamentary body, this chapter discusses to what extent its model should be adopted by other IOs. It is organized as follows. The first section presents a list of IOs with a parliamentary body along with the level of empowerment of this body. The second section discusses the role of direct elections and full-time parliamentarians as a means to empower the parliamentary body. The third section traces the development of the legislative powers of the EP and how it is organized in order to increase its formal powers. The fourth section describes the evolution of the budgetary powers of the EP. The final section deals with the EP's power to control the executive.

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