International humanitarian law governs the conduct of participants in an armed conflict. In order to determine whether this breach of law applies to situations of violence it is necessary to assess first of all whether the situation amounts to an ‘armed conflict’. However, international humanitarian law does not recognize a unitary concept of armed conflict but, rather, recognizes two types of armed conflicts: international and non-international.This chapter examines the history of the distinction between these two categories of armed conflict, the consequences of...
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