Part B Commentary on Judgments and Awards in Maritime Boundary Delimitation Disputes, 19 Romania v. Ukraine (Judgment of the International Court of Justice, 3 February 2009)
Stephen Fietta, Robin Cleverly
- Coastal states — Continental shelf — Delimitation — Straits — Territorial sea — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)
The case discussed in this chapter is about the delimitation of the continental shelf and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) boundary between Romania and Ukraine in the north-western part of the Black Sea. The judgment, this chapter argues, confirms the so-called ‘three-stage approach’ as a standard methodology for EEZ and continental shelf delimitation under modern international law. The chapter also considers the court’s approach to the selection of base points for the construction of the provisional equidistance line. The judgment provides one of several modern examples illustrating the burden that must be met by States arguing for adjustment of an equidistance or median line.