Part III Civil and Political Rights, 19 Freedoms of Assembly and Association—Articles 21 and 22
From: The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Cases, Materials, and Commentary (3rd Edition)
Sarah Joseph, Melissa Castan
- Right to peaceful assembly — Freedom of association — Right to health — Ordre public — Travaux préparatoires
[19.01] Article 21 guarantees freedom of peaceful assembly, while article 22 guarantees freedom of association. Both freedoms are essential to one’s effective participation in civil and political society. However, neither freedom has generated much International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) jurisprudence. The right of peaceful assembly shall be recognized. No restrictions may be placed on the exercise of this right other than those imposed in conformity with the law and which are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national...