Part III Civil and Political Rights, 10 Miscellaneous Rights—Articles 8, 11, and 16
From: The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Cases, Materials, and Commentary (3rd Edition)
Sarah Joseph, Melissa Castan
- Freedom from slavery or forced labour — Imprisonment — Disappearances — Crimes against humanity — Enslavement and forced labour
[10.01] Though the rights are not similar in nature, articles 8, 11, and 16 are grouped together in this chapter due to the virtual absence of jurisprudence under these articles. [10.02] Article 8 guarantees some of the most fundamental human rights: freedom from slavery, servitude, and forced or compulsory labour. Indeed, the world-wide fight against slavery was one of the first ‘human rights’ campaigns. Freedom from slavery and servitude is now recognized as part of customary international law.1 Furthermore, the ICCPR freedoms from slavery and servitude are...