Part I Introduction, 1 Introduction
From: The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Cases, Materials, and Commentary (3rd Edition)
Sarah Joseph, Melissa Castan
- Treaties, ratification — Specific treaties — Treaties, interpretation — Civil and political rights — Women, rights — Derogations — Responsibility of states
[1.01] The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) was adopted by the United Nations (UN) in 1966, and came into force upon receiving the requisite number of ratifications in 1976. It is probably the most important human rights treaty in the world, given that it has universal coverage (unlike eg the European Convention on Human Rights 1951 (ECHR)), it contains a large number of rights (unlike single-issue treaties such as the Convention against Torture and other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 1984 (CAT)), and it purports to...