Article 2 comprises key umbrella provisions of the Covenant that stipulate the nature and extent of the obligations imposed on states parties in respect of their implementation of the substantive rights contained in the rest of the Covenant (namely Articles 3 to 15). Paragraphs 2 and 3 are universal in their coverage—concerning how states must implement in terms of extent and speed (paragraph 1), and that they must do so without discrimination (paragraph 2). Paragraph 3, however, is somewhat different, relating to an exception that applies only to ‘developing...
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