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11 Article 9: The Right to Social Security

Ben Saul, David Kinley, Jacqueline Mowbray

From: The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Commentary, Cases, and Materials

Ben Saul, David Kinley, Jaqueline Mowbray

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 15 January 2021

Subject(s):
Right to social security — Right to non-discrimination — Minorities — Indigenous peoples — Internally displaced persons
The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to social security, including social insurance. Various European states developed social security protections in the nineteenth century, followed by many Latin American states in the early twentieth century. The earliest modern form of social security was social insurance, by which workers and employers paid co-contributions with employers to finance sickness insurance and workers’ compensation,1 occasionally supplemented by the state. Social insurance was thus originally linked to labour...
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