Modern treaties, in the majority of cases, are not one-off transactions in which parties exchange commitments or advantages. In particular, multilateral treaties are typically designed to govern relations between States on a given issue for the longer term, often indefinitely. This open-endedness is a feature not only of treaties that establish international institutions, but also those that establish regimes to govern an ever-growing range of issues, such as human rights, international trade, arms control, maritime or air transport, or environmental protection....
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