Ever since pre-classical antiquity, peace treaties have been important instruments for ending wars as well as for the political and legal organization of international communities. Peace treaties were of particular importance to Europe and the West between 1500 and 1920. The relative number of wars which were ended through peace treaties steadily rose from less than half in the 16th century to almost 90 per cent at the beginning of the 20th century.1 Peace treaties played a primary role in the formation of Europe's classical law of nations (1500–1815) and the...
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