VI People in Portrait, 45 Muhammad al-Shaybānī (749/50–805)
Mashood A Baderin
Edited By: Bardo Fassbender, Anne Peters
- Ancient Times to 1648 — Use of force, war, peace and neutrality — Diplomatic relations — Jurisdiction of states, territoriality principle
Contrary to the popular view in Western legal scholarship, which often refers to the 16th/17th-century Dutch jurist, Hugo Grotius (1583–1645), as the ‘father of international law’, Islamic legal scholarship identifies Muhammad al-Shaybānī as having preceded Hugo Grotius by some eight centuries with the compilation and systemization of the rules of Islamic international law under a specialized subject area of Islamic law termed al-Siyar, which covers the laws of war and peace according to the Shari‘ah. Reviewing one of al-Shaybānī's main works on the subject in...