19 Developing Countries
Mitsuo Matsushita, Thomas J. Schoenbaum, Petros C. Mavroidis, Michael Hahn
Mitsuo Matsushita, Thomas Schoenbaum, Petros C. Mavroidis, Michael Hahn
- Developing countries — Most-favoured-nation treatment (MFN) — Sources of international law
This chapter focuses on efforts to nuance the GATT framework to accommodate the needs of developing countries. It details the introduction of the Enabling Clause — the decision of the GATT Contracting Parties, which allowed (‘enabled’) deviations from the most favoured nation (MFN) rate in favour of goods originating from developing countries to become a permanent feature of the GATT, and now the WTO legal order. The key elements and beneficiaries of the Enabling Clause as well as other provisions on special and differential treatment are also discussed.