Although armed conflicts constitute the main cause of forced migrations, the applicable normative framework is plagued by recurrent ambiguities and controversies. Three decades ago, Dinstein asserted that ‘in its present form international law does not deal in a systematic fashion with the whole spectrum of the problem of refugees in armed conflict. […] Still there are several provisions relevant to the issue which are dispersed in various legal instruments’.1 These instruments are scattered throughout three main branches of international law: international...
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