3.1 Originally the title of ‘Majesty’ belonged to the Emperor alone, who in speaking of himself said: ‘Ma Majesté’. Kings were styled ‘Highness’, or ‘Serenity’. In very early charters the titles Altitudo, Illuster (for illustris), and Nobilissimus occur in mentioning the Emperor, and the last of these was given to the King of France until the twelfth century. Sons of emperors were styled Nobilissimus or Purpuratus.1 Since the end of the fifteenth century other crowned heads assumed it, the kings of France setting the example. 3.2 The Pope’s title of courtesy is...
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