33.1 A single definition of secret diplomacy is hard to construct. Berridge describes it thus: ‘In current usage “secret diplomacy” can mean keeping secret all or any of the following: the contents of a negotiation; knowledge that negotiations are going on; the content of any agreement issuing from negotiations; or the fact that any agreement at all has been reached’.1 A corollary of this is often the secrecy of the identity of the person or persons involved in the negotiation. Successful instances of secret diplomacy include the negotiations to bring the Vietnam...
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