30.1 Located in the Peace Palace at The Hague, the International Court of Justice was established by the United Nations Charter as a forum for solving international disputes. It is a principal organ of the UN, replacing the Permanent Court of International Justice which had functioned since 1922. It is now one of a number of international courts,1 but it remains ‘the principal judicial organ of the United Nations’.2 Most of the detailed provisions relating to its functions and powers are to be found in the Statute of the Court which is annexed to the UN Charter...
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